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There is recent optimism about the increase in economic mobility in Latin America. This paper exploits the randomized evaluation design of a renowned CCT program to measure the long-run impact on intragenerational socioeconomic mobility. In particular, I use two distinct approaches to examine the effect of differential exposure to the program (welfare ranks and trajectories). More specifically, I evaluate the impact of differential exposure to the program on the likelihood that a household presents a path of sustained poverty, mobility, vulnerability or resilience. The results using the ranks approach suggest the effect on mobility was not sustained in the long-term. In contrast, the impacts from the trajectories estimates do persist into the long term. Moreover, the heterogeneity analysis suggests the program has a compensating effect in some cases (for the less connected and less educated households) and a mitigating effect against adversity (for natural disaster shocks). However, there are other cases in which existing inequalities are reinforced (for households with children at critical transition ages).