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Seminario CEDE - Andrea Velásquez

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Universidad de los Andes
Fecha: 12 de Noviembre de 2021
Hora: 11:00 am

The inflow of migrants from El Salvador to the United States has increased persistently since 1980.  In spite of the intensification of immigration policies in the U.S. in the last decades, by 2017, 25% of people born in El Salvador were international migrants.  This paper shows that the temperature shocks the country has suffered in the last decade have been an important push-factor.  We find that temperature shocks negatively affected both agricultural production in El Salvador and the labor market of agricultural workers.  Labor markets act as a transmission mechanism of the negative impact of weather shocks on agricultural workers, who react by migrating internationally or switching to the non-agricultural sector. Moreover,  we  find  that access to remittances and migrant networks  help  to  alleviate  the negative  effects on production  caused  by  high  temperatures and therefore on the need to rely on international migration.  Our  results  suggest  that,  despite  the current anti-immigrant political climate,  high temperatures have been an important driver of rising international migration from El Salvador, and highlight that there should be a global responsibility relative to the consequences of climate change.

Lugar: Zoom