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Profesores Principal
Raquel Bernal
The Rise in Female Participation in Colombia: Fertility, Marital Status or Education? Ensayos de Política Económica, Banco de la República, Colombia (Forthcoming)
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  • The Rise in Female Participation in Colombia: Fertility, Marital Status or Education? Ensayos de Política Económica, Banco de la República, Colombia (Forthcoming)

Colombia has experienced a secular increase in the labor participation of urban women, increasing from nearly 47% in 1984 to 65% in 2006. We decompose the evolution of participation into changes in the composition of the population and changes in the participation rates by groups (defined according to the variables that appear to be most relevant: educational attainment, fertility and marital status). The increase in participation is driven mostly by the increase in the participation rates of married or cohabiting women, and women with low educational attainment. Fertility status appears to be less important. Changes in the composition of the population by levels of educational attainment are also relevant in explaining the increase in labor participation. In contrast, changes in composition by marital status or fertility are second order effects.

 

The Rise in Female Participation in Colombia.pdf 162,68 kB