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Profesores Principal
Raquel Bernal
The Effect of Maternal Employment and Child Care on Children s Cognitive Development, International Economic Review.
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  • The Effect of Maternal Employment and Child Care on Children s Cognitive Development, International Economic Review.

Forthcoming International Economic Review.

 

This paper develops and estimates a dynamic model of employment and child care decisions of women after childbirth in order to evaluate the effects of maternal employment and daycare choices on children s cognitive ability. We use data from the NLSY to estimate the model. Results indicate that the effects of maternal employment and child care on children s ability are negative and rather sizable. In fact, having a full-time working mother who uses child care during one of the first five years after childbirth is associated with a 1.8 percent reduction in the child s test scores. Based on the estimates of the model, we assess the impact of policies related to parental leave, child care and other incentives to stay at home after childbirth on women s decisions and children s outcomes.

 

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