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Conflict, Educational Attainment and Structural Transformation: La Violencia in Colombia
Abstract

We examine the long-term impact of violence on educational attainment, with evidence from Colombia's La Violencia. Individuals exposed to violence during, and especially before, their schooling years experience a significant and economically meaningful decrease in years of schooling. This impact has consequences beyond human capital accumulation: exposed cohorts engage in activities with less human capital content. Violence thus influenced aggregate development - particularly the process of structural transformation, in which some sectors gain prominence as income increases. The effects result not so much from the direct destruction of physical infrastructure, but from a effected households' responses to the hardships of conflict.

Autores:
Leopoldo Fergusson, Ana Mara Ibáñez y Juan Felipe Riaño
Palabras clave:
Civil Conflict, Human Capital, Structural Transformation, Development.
Archivo:
Año:
2015
Mes:
Octubre
Número:
35