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Homo Æqualis: A Cross-Society Experimental Analysis of Three Bargaining Games
Abstract

Data from three bargaining games—the Dictator Game, the Ultimatum Game, and the Third-Party Punishment Game—played in 15 societies are presented. The societies range from US undergraduates to Amazonian, Arctic, and African hunter-gatherers. Behaviour within the games varies markedly across societies. The paper investigates whether this behavioural diversity can be explained solely by variations in inequality aversion. Combining a single parameter utility function with the notion of subgame perfection generates a number of testable predictions. While most of these are supported, there are some telling divergences between theory and data: uncertainty and preferences relating to acts of vengeance may have influenced play in the Ultimatum and Third- Party Punishment Games; and a few subjects used the games as an opportunity to engage in costly signalling.

Autores:
Barr, Abigail; Wallace, Chris; Ensminger, Jean; Henrich, Joseph; Barrett, Clark; Bolyanatz, Alexander; Cárdenas, Juan Camilo; Gurven, Michael; Gwako, Edwins; Lesorogol, Carolyn; Marlowe, Frank; McElre
Palabras clave:
Barr, Abigail; Wallace, Chris; Ensminger, Jean; Henrich, Joseph; Barrett, Clark; Bolyanatz, Alexander; Cárdenas, Juan Camilo; Gurven, Michael; Gwako, Edwins; Lesorogol, Carolyn; Marlowe, Frank; McElreath, Richard; Tracer, David; Ziker, John.
Archivo:
Año:
2009
Mes:
Marzo
Número:
9